Eugene Garfield (1925-2017). Innovator of citation indices and the Impact Factor

Eugene Garfield, chemist, librarian, and informationist, passed away on February 26th. Garfield invented the Science Citation Index, initially compiled in multiple massive volumes which in the digital world, evolved into the Web of Science.  The sometimes controversial Impact Factor is an innovation of Garfield’s as well, first writing about it in a 1955 Science article .

In the 1940’s, Garfield attended CU Boulder as a chemical engineering student but with the interruption of the war, he finished at Columbia University with a chemistry B.S.  He went on to work at the Welch Medical Library at Johns Hopkins where he contributed to a project that led to the development of MeSH.

For more on Eugene Garfield’s life and career see: