On March 1, 2019 the Colorado Open Scholars had a virtual summit. The focus of the submit was “Openness in Tenure and Promotion” and featured two panels centering on issues of open scholarship as related to tenure and promotion as well as shifting ideas around equity and prestige. Below are a couple highlights from the summit.
The first panel, “Research Realities in Tenure and Promotion” (video timestamp: 3:37-57:43), a panelist mentions that quality of research is more important than whether or not the journal is open access. Ideally, authors can find reputable open access journals and that journal’s impact factor. It cannot be denied that an open access journal would have a broader audience than a subscription based journal because it is freely available on the web. Additionally, as it was discussion later in the panel, the reader of the article will probably not care where the article is published. The reader wants the content of the article whether it is published in The American Journal of Nursing (a subscription journal) or Nursing Open (an open access journal).
The second panel, “Open Access and Equity in Tenure and
Promotion” (video timestamp: 58:15-1:47:30), began with a discussion of the
work by tenure and promotion committees. It was urged by a panelist to “stay
ahead of the curve. Don’t fall behind where science is going.” which refers to
the increase and demand for openly scholarly works. A faculty member going
through the tenure and promotion process should not have less value for
publishing in an open access journal vs a subscription journal.
After the panels, participants discussed questions either at
their viewing institution or online. You can view a summary of those
discussions at the end of the video.
The Rare Materials Collection of the Strauss Health Sciences Library includes many titles illustrating the history of military medicine, including histories, memoirs, and biographies, manuals and handbooks, regulations, and more. A small selection of works which influenced the development of military medicine in the United States and illustrate its history is featured in the exhibit case at the north end of the 1st floor, near the elevator and Teaching Lab 3.
The work of Henry Ingersoll Bowditch, including the publication of this pamphlet following the death of his son at the Battle of Kelly’s Ford, Virginia, facilitated the creation of ambulance service for the entire Union Army.
Looking for a space where you can study, take an exam, or do research on your own? Are you a CU Anschutz affiliate? Strauss Library has just added 16 individual study booths to our Study Room Reservation system; we also have 10 bookable group study rooms available. These single study spaces are located throughout the library, including inside the Study Zone.
We have an easy-to-remember URL for our study room reservation main page: http://bit.ly/bookit-hsl. Just select ‘Single Study Rooms’ from the drop-down menu, fill out the short reservation form & provide your campus email address to receive confirmation of your request- it’s that easy! Booths may be reserved for up to four consecutive hours per day, and are available for booking Monday-Friday.
Have questions about an existing reservation? We’re happy to help at our Service Desk: 303-724-2152.
In this fourth and final installment on the Influenza Epidemic of 1918, Paul Andrews considers its enduring legacy–or lack thereof.
As the United States celebrated the end of the First World War on November 11th, 1918, they also celebrated the end of the worst of the Influenza Epidemic that killed so many. Although waves of influenza did still hit parts of the world through 1920, they were not as deadly as the strain that killed so many in 1918. One theory posits that the strain that killed so many had taken all the victims it could, and mutated into something more benign. As the worst of the effects of the epidemic faded, so did the memory. It’s as if the world had decided that it just wanted to forget the flu epidemic had happened at all. Alfred Crosby, in his 1976 book America’s Forgotten Pandemic wrote ‘the flu never inspired awe, not in 1918, and not since.’ The epidemic simply disappeared from the American consciousness. With the exception of Katherine Anne Porter, and a few other writes, the epidemic was never part of American culture or public memory.
Why did one of the deadliest modern plagues simply disappear from memory? Some believe that it was because illness and death was still something familiar in the early 20th century, as it was in earlier times. The loss of so much life from a sickness, especially if the victim died at home, just didn’t impact individuals as much as that kind of death would affect us today. We rely on science and medicine to deal with illness more than ever today. In 1918, science failed completely to find the cause or cure to the epidemic. Dr. Victor Vaughn, the head of the Army’s communicable disease division, said, when the worst of the plague was over, ‘Never again allow me to say that medical science is on the verge of conquering disease.’ The epidemic was a huge blow to the ego of doctors. They could do nothing but watch the tragedy unfold. About the only thing that could be done for the victims of the flu was bed rest, manage their pain, keep them warm, and to isolate them as much as possible. While doctors could do little, it was nurses that took care of the sick and dying.
Elizabeth Onion believes this is another reason the Influenza Epidemic of 1918 was so quickly forgotten. The true heroes of the disaster were women; nurses, and home caregivers. Care of the sick at home has always been a thankless task, mainly left to women. Today hospital and home care nurses act as care givers to those who don’t have that kind of support available. Onion writes ‘A close read of recent history suggests that the 20th century silence about the flu epidemic of 1918-19 shows how uneasy many Americans have been with failure, death, and loss, and how strongly most of the nation seems to prefer stories that celebrate heroic achievements to those that memorialize acts of caregiving.’ She also believes that the optimism that often typifies American behavior and culture made it easier for the country to simply forget the failure of an epidemic that ran out of control.
Hand in hand with this optimism is the belief people have about their own health. After the 2009 swine flu epidemic, Mark Davis conducted a study of how people reacted to the flu outbreak that infected so many, but that had relatively few victims. His research showed that most people believe that their health choices- diet, exercise, and general good habits- allowed them to push through the worst of a flu. They believed flu was inevitable, but they would be able to survive it.
And flu is inevitable. Seasonal flu has killed somewhere between 3,000 to 48,000 people in the last forty years. The numbers are hard to pin down, because flu deaths are often misreported. The 2009 H1N1 swine flu killed 60 people in Mexico. One of the two major avian flu strains, H7N6, jumped to humans in 2013 in China, killing something between 1,030 to 2,400 people. The threat of another epidemic is always present, and many believe that it’s not a matter of if another pandemic strikes, but when. Science and medicine have may vast advancements in the last 100 years, and we are better prepared to deal with a crisis like the influenza epidemic as before, but we are still unable to know what vaccines will work against what flu strains.
Although the history of the 1918 Influenza Epidemic is being studied more now than in the past, many of the lessons of the crisis have not been learned. John Barry, author of the book The Great Influenza, believes that one of the most important lessons to learn from the 1918 epidemic was that government officials must be up front and honest with the public. He was asked to speak at an emergency preparedness event that centered on an epidemic, and made this clear, to the agreement of all the attendees. When the event started he was stunned that the first ‘statement’ drafted to the public was meant to minimize the threat of the disaster. Even then, the lessons of 1918 weren’t learned.
Surgical Decision Making (McIntyre, Robert) 6th ed; ISBN: 9780323525244; Package/Collection: Surgery Essentials; New to CK
Botulinum Toxin: Therapeutic Clinical Practice and Science (Jankovic, Joseph) 1st ed; ISBN: 9781416049289; Package/Collection: Neurology. Out of print, no new edition. Recommended alternative – Botulinum Toxin: Procedures in Cosmetic Dermatology Series
Clinical Mycology (Anaissie, Elias) 2nd ed; ISBN: 9781416056805; Package/Collection: Infectious Disease. Out of print, no new edition. Recommended alternative – Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett’s Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases
Diagnostic Atlas of Melanocytic Pathology (McKee, Phillip) 1st ed; ISBN: 9780323048132; Package/Collection: Flex Only. Out of print, no new edition. Recommended alternative – Pathology of Melanocytic Tumors
Essentials of Breast Surgery: A Volume in the Surgical Foundations Series (Sabel, Michael) 1st ed; ISBN: 9780323037587; Package/Collection: Surgery Extended. Out of print, no new edition. Recommended alternative – Atlas of Breast Surgical Techniques
Hughes, Mansel & Webster’s Benign Disorders and Diseases of the Breast (Mansel, Robert) 3rd ed; ISBN: 9780702027741; Package/Collection: Surgery Extended. Out of print, no new edition. Recommended alternative – The Breast: Comprehensive Management of Benign and Malignant Diseases
Stroke in Children and Young Adults (Biller, Jose) 2nd ed; ISBN: 9780750674188; Package/Collection: Neurology. Out of print, no new edition. Recommended alternative – Caplan’s Stroke
Melissa De Santis (left), Dana Abbey (center), and Lisa Traditi
A number of Strauss Health Sciences Librarians were recently elected to officer positions within their professional associations.
Lisa Traditi (Deputy Director) was elected President-Elect of the Medical Library Association (MLA). MLA is an international association of information professionals focused on enhancing the quality of health care, education, and research throughout the world. Ms. Traditi has been elected to a three year term that will begin in June 2019. She will serve as President-Elect, President, and Past President.
MLA has regional chapters, and Colorado is part of the Midcontinental Chapter of MLA (MCMLA). Dana Abbey (Community Engagement Coordinator) was elected Recording Secretary (a one year term) and Melissa De Santis (Director) was elected Chair-Elect (a three year term). Ms. Abbey and Ms. De Santis will begin their positions November 2019.
Congratulations to these librarians for their service to the profession and for representing the Strauss Health Sciences Library!