New Meader Collection in Digital Repository

Dr. Charles Meader was the seventh Dean of the University Of Colorado School Of Medicine.  He served as Dean from 1916 to 1925.  Perhaps one of the most important acts of Dr. Meader’s tenure as Dean was to move all the operations of the schools of medicine and nursing to a central location in Denver. He wrote the bills that paved the way for the construction of the University of Colorado Health Sciences Campus at 9th and Colorado.

The Strauss Health Sciences Library received a donation of documents and artifacts from the Dean’s Office of the School of Medicine in 2016.   Included in the donation were the original documents that Dean Meader prepared for the acts that created the 9th Avenue Campus.  The collection contains several drafts of the bills that established the original University Hospital and the Colorado Psychopathic Hospital. Two versions of the bills are handwritten by Dr. Meader with several notes and have many more sections that appear in the finalized bills.  There are also several studies and reports from other states, which Dean Meader may have used to shape the language of the bills. In one of the early drafts of the bill, he wrote ‘Section 11. Incorporate Section 10 of Minnesota Act, altering phraseology to conform to Colorado conditions.’ Section 10 deals with fess involved in transporting patients.

The documents have been scanned are available for viewing at the Mountain Scholar: Digital Collections of Colorado and Wyoming.

Dr. Charles Meader began the work to build the University of Colorado Health Sciences Campus at 9th and Colorado after the University had gone through a long history of moving back and forth from Boulder to Denver. In 1879, the Regents of the University of Colorado issued an announcement saying ‘The object of the establishment of this Department [of Medicine] is to secure a good medical education for those who may in the future be entrusted with the lives and with the health of our citizens. The Regents believe that the lives and health of the people of Colorado are not second in importance to another interest that can be subserved by the State University. The Medical Department of the University, like the other Departments of this institution, assumes no unjustifiable superiority over colleges. It aims to emulate the best school, but chooses to establish its own standard. The State of Colorado, through the Medical Department of its State University, offers no facile inducements to graduation, but proposes to serve the best interest of the citizens of the State.’  This began the University of Colorado Department Of Medicine. When it was instituted in 1883, it was originally housed in two rooms of CU’s Old Main, and a 30 bed teaching hospital in Boulder. Budget problems, the small size of the hospital, and pressure to compete with other medical schools in Denver, such as the Denver and Gross College of Medicine, prompted the medical school to move, in part, to Denver.  All the clinical work the students did was moved to Arapahoe County Hospital (later Denver General) in 1893.  However, the Colorado Supreme Court ruled that all students of the University of Colorado had to be taught in Boulder, so the clinical side of the school was moved back in 1897.  In 1910, the rules were changed, and the clinical curriculum was able to legally move back to Denver.  The school was housed at the James B. Archer Mansion at 1301 Welton St. from 1911 to 1924. Dean Meader began working on the acts to incorporate the teaching and clinical work of the health sciences programs as soon as he became Dean, in 1916. 

The two bills Dr. Meader wrote were to build, fund, and maintain the Colorado Psychopathic Hospital, and the University Hospital. The Act to authorize the Colorado Psychopathic Hospital was sent to the Colorado General Assembly in 1919 and passed. The appropriations bill, House Bill 140, which authorized a mill levy to help pay for the Psychopathic Hospital did not pass until 1923. House Bill 232, which authorized the University Hospital went before the Colorado Assembly in 1923. The Roll Call for the Assembly vote to authorize the University Hospital are part of the Dr Meader documents.  It shows that it passed 48 to 10, with five members not casting votes.

The documents we received include three handwritten drafts of the bills, and several typed versions with notes and revisions.  Much of the final versions of the bills lay out who the hospitals are for, and the price structures for care, staff, and facilities.  The Act to establish the Psychopathic Hospital says that the hospital will be supervised and governed by the Regents of the University of Colorado. Section 3 through 7 explains the power the Regents of the University of Colorado have in administering the new hospital.  It empowers the Regents to acquire land, build the hospital, and to use temporary buildings until a permanent hospital is built.  It also charges them with hiring a superintendent, and explains the qualifications needed. Section 6 reads ‘The Board of Regents shall appoint a superintendent, who shall hold office during their pleasure, and who shall be a physician and graduate of an incorporated medical college who shall have had at least ten years’ experience in the actual practice of his profession, and who shall have had at least five years actual experience as a neuro-pathologist. The superintendent shall reside at the hospital, and give his entire time and attention to the discharge of his official duties and shall receive such compensation as shall be fixed by the Board of Regents.’ An assistant supervisor can also be appointed.  

The main function of the Psychopathic Hospital was to care for patients that are placed in the hospital by the courts.  Additional room can be offered to volunteer patients, if there is space. The bill lays out how those patient will be charged for the hospitals services.  A volunteer patent was to pay for a full month of care when they were admitted, and then pay for a full month for any additional time they believed they needed treatment.  When the patient was discharged, they were refunded any money still on account.

The Bill to authorize the University General Hospital went before the Assembly in 1923.  Part of the bill, similar to the Psychopathic Hospital bill, is to authorize the Regents to build and maintain the physical hospital, hire staff, and set fees.  It set out very clearly that the hospital is intended for the treatment of citizens of Colorado who may not be able to afford treatment. Section 3 reads ‘Said University Hospital shall be primarily and principally designed for the care of legal residents of Colorado who are afflicted with a malady, deformity or ailment of a nature that can probably be remedied or improved by hospital care and treatment, and who are unable financially, to secure such care…’  

The Bill to authorize the University General Hospital went before the Assembly in 1923.  Part of the bill, similar to the Psychopathic Hospital bill, is to authorize the Regents to build and maintain the physical hospital, hire staff, and set fees.  It set out very clearly that the hospital is intended for the treatment of citizens of Colorado who may not be able to afford treatment. Section 3 reads ‘Said University Hospital shall be primarily and principally designed for the care of legal residents of Colorado who are afflicted with a malady, deformity or ailment of a nature that can probably be remedied or improved by hospital care and treatment, and who are unable financially, to secure such care…’  

Many of the following sections explains the procedure to apply for treatment at the hospital, and the fees the County the patient is a resident of will need to pay.  An interesting part of the bill provides for someone to be paid $3 a day, plus expenses, to transport the patient to and from the hospital if they are unable to afford to make the trip on their own.  

To further emphasize the mission of the hospital, patients that can pay for care, cannot be admitted unless there is space available, and their fees will be used to run the hospital.  Section 6 says ‘Students of the university and such other patients as the Board of Regents, to an extent that will not interfere with the primary purpose of said hospital as set forth in Sec­tion 3 may direct, may be received in said University Hospital whenever there is room, and all fees received from such patients shall be used for the purposes of said hospital.’

Once the bills were passed, the Regents started the process to find a location for the campus and raise the funds to build it.  Frederick G. Bonfils, the owner and publisher of the Denver Post, offered 21 acres of land between 8th and 11th Avenues at Colorado Blvd, to the Regents in 1922.  Previous to the donation being made, the Regents were negotiating for a plot of land at 26th Ave, just North of City Park.  Once the Bonfils donation was accepted, the plan for that location was abandoned. Along with a $750,000 donation from the Rockefeller Foundation, and a $600,000 state tax levy, construction of the 9th Ave Campus began in 1923.  The Hospital was designed by Maurice Briscoe, a Denver native.  The design incorporated space for patient care, clinical and research work, and classrooms. Besides the Psychopathic Hospital and University Hospital, a nurses residence, and a power plant were also built. The University of Colorado Health Sciences Campus was dedicated on January 23rd, 1925. Dean Meader resigned as Dean in 1925, satisfied that his duty to the University of Colorado had been fulfilled.  He died at the age of 80 in 1965.

 At the time the original campus was begun, much of the area around the original buildings was vacant, and it was thought that the campus would never outgrow the land.  That was not the case, and when the Fitzsimmons Army Hospital Base became available in 1996, the University of Colorado Health Sciences Campus began to move on what become the Anschutz Medical Campus.  Most of the buildings of the original 9th Ave Campus have been demolished for redevelopment, except the nurse’s residence, one of the original building on the campus. 

Explore the history of the original University of Colorado Health Sciences Campus at Mountain Scholar: Digital Collections of Colorado and Wyoming.  In addition to the Dr. Charles Meader Collection, the digital repository also includes photographs of the 9th Ave campus, the Dr. Robert Shikes Collection, and many other historical items from the University’s long past. 

This was written by Paul, you can contact AskUs with questions.

Mountain Scholar is in DPLA!

Strauss library’s digital repository, Mountain Scholar, has become part of Digital Public Library of America (DPLA)!

The staff at Strauss library have been working with their colleagues in Mountain Scholar and representatives from DPLA to upload specified parts of the digital repository into the DPLA collections.

DPLA is an online collection of digital archives from libraries, archives, and museums around the country, freely available on the internet.

DPLA requested historical collections from Mountain Scholar, and the Mountain Scholar group voted to go forward and add items from the Mountain Scholar member libraries’ collections to DPLA.

The Strauss library staff chose the historical collections from Mountain Scholar to upload, and the months of work have paid off! You can now view the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Strauss Health Sciences Library collection in DPLA!

The University of Colorado Anschutz is listed under the Plains to Peaks Collective partnership, and you can see Strauss library in the Contributing Institution list.

Shikes Medical Lecture Tickets

Some of the staff at HSL recently began working on digitizing the Shikes paper items from the Shikes medical artifacts donation. The items are in the process of being digitized and added to the Mountain Scholar digital repository. So far, you can see the medical lecture tickets in the repository.

HSL accepted these items as a donation from Dr. Robert H. Shikes in 2015.  All the items were collected by him over years.  Dr. Shikes is Professor Emeritus, SOM, Department of Pathology, and authored Rocky Mountain Medicine: Doctors, Drugs, and Disease in Early Colorado, University of Colorado of Medicine: A Centennial History 1883-1983 with Henry N. Claman, and University of Colorado of Medicine: A Millennial History with Henry N. Claman

Check out the gallery of the Medical Lecture Tickets:

Paul Andrews, who works with the artifacts here at HSL, proposed the project since the paper items are great additions to HSL’s repository. Check back as the staff work on digitizing the other paper items, including advertising materials, photographs, and postcards!

School of Pharmacy Exhibit and Collection

2018 School of Pharmacy exhibit

The School of Pharmacy exhibit in the main entryway.


You may have noticed in the main entryway the new School of Pharmacy exhibit. This exhibit features items from the new School of Pharmacy archives collection at HSL.

HSL has been working with the School of Pharmacy to digitize their archive. The School of Pharmacy has deposited physical items into the archive at HSL, and HSL has added digital-only items to the digital repository.

The Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences archive collection includes the School of Pharmacy newsletters (Pharmacy Perspectives, e-Scripts, Materia Medica, and School of Pharmacy News), the class photos, commencement programs, historical meeting minutes, historical prescription sheets, and the theses and dissertations, which have been housed in the digital repository prior to the project.

The exhibit in the main entryway has two examples of the Pharmacy Perspectives and School of Pharmacy News newsletters each, and printouts of other items in the collection. The yellowish printouts in the center are examples of the historical prescription sheets, with printouts of the commencement programs on the left in black and pink, and in between smaller versions of the class photos. On the right, there are printouts of the historical meeting minutes.

HSL is still working on digitizing the School of Pharmacy News newspapers and the class photos. Please check out the exhibit in the main entryway, and go to the repository to see the digitized materials. There will be more materials in the future!


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The main web page for the School of Pharmacy collection in the digital repository.

End of Open Access Week 2018

Open Access Week 2018, an annual international event promoting the use and scholarship of open access resources, is coming to an end.

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Why is Open Access important?

The Right to Research Coalition says it best, “Open Access seeks to return scholarly publishing to its original purpose: to spread knowledge and allow that knowledge to be built upon.  Price barriers should not prevent students (or anyone) from getting access to research they need.  Open Access, and the open availability and searchability of scholarly research that it entails, will have a significant positive impact on everything from education to the practice of medicine to the ability of entrepreneurs to innovate.”


Currently, the Library is having a difficult time affording the many databases, journals, and other resources needed by our users. However, Open Access allows researchers, faculty, staff, and students to use content freely available on the web without a library subscription. The production of more Open Access content worldwide means libraries do not need to depend on costly subscriptions for our users to access quality research.


What is the Anschutz’s Health Sciences Library doing to support Open Access?

The Library helps promote the use and publication of open access content. One example of the Library supporting Open Access is our investment in Mountain Scholar: Digital Collection of Colorado & Wyoming, our open institutional repository. The primary objective of Mountain Scholar is for Anschutz researchers, faculty, staff, and students to make their research and publications openly available. Take a look at our Mountain Scholar Guide for more information.


Still want to learn more about the importance of Open Access?

Freely stream Paywall: The Business of Scholarship, an hour long documentary about open scholarship.

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DCC is Now Mountain Scholar

HSL has an online repository where digital materials are available for our patrons.

Previously, the name of the digital repository was Digital Collections of Colorado, or DCC.

The digital repository is not just HSL, but a group of libraries. Recently, the University of Wyoming joined the repository group. Since the group is no longer only in Colorado, the name was changed.

Mountain Scholar

The new name of the digital repository is now Mountain Scholar: Digital Collections of Colorado & Wyoming. You will see the links changed on HSL’s main page.

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Please check out what’s available in the repository.  There’s lots of great stuff!

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