Fulginiti: Showing Our Community Photography Competition

The Center for Bioethics and Humanities will be opening a multi-screen photography installation, Showing (work x family) on January 11th in the Art Gallery at the Fulginiti Pavilion.  The show includes images from 135 American photographers focusing on the daily push and pull of work and family.


In connection with that exhibit, the Fulginiti is sponsoring a Community Photography Competition & Exhibition (flyers attached) that is open to everyone!  They will select 40 images, which will be framed and exhibited in the foyer of the Fulginiti, and open that exhibit in late January.


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Influenza Article Part Two

Please read this second installment in the Influenza article series, written by Paul Andrews, who works with the artifacts here at HSL.


One hundred years ago, the United States was in the grips of a modern plague.  The months of September and October, 1918 were the deadliest of the Influenza epidemic in the U.S.  Nearly 200,000 people died in those months, almost half of the total U.S. flu deaths of the epidemic.  Eight-hundred and fifty-one people died in New York City on October 23rd, 1918, still the largest single daily death toll in the city’s history.  In Philadelphia the death rate was 700 times higher in October then a normal month, with 11,000 verified flu fatalities.  The last week of October, 1918, from October 23rd to October 31st, has the largest recorded mortality rate in United States history, with 21,000 deaths.  The months of September and October, 1918, also marked the height of the flu panic.

Several cities and communities began to pass laws to try and stem the epidemic.  Laws were passed to keep large crowds from forming, and requiring masks be worn.  Unfortunately it was too little too late. In at least one case led to tragedy when a San Francisco policeman shot and killed a man for not wearing a mask.  There were civil triumphs, as well.  Louis Brownlou, the commissioner of Washington D.C. took the advice of his Public Health Officer Dr. W.C. Fowler, and took decisive action.  He closed schools, and businesses.  He cancelled sporting events, and banned all large public gatherings.  His dramatic action did have an effect.  Only 2,895 residents of Washington died between October, 1918 and February, 1919.

The Influenza epidemic was a full Federal health crisis.  The U.S. Congress allocated a million dollars to fight the flu, but the state of medicine was not able to fully identify the cause of the epidemic.  Microscopy had not advanced enough to identify that it was a virus.  None of the vaccines that were created worked.  The lack of a conclusive answer from science led many people to seek relief from any source.  That opened the door for a widespread trade in ultimately fraudulent cures.  The law that was meant to regulate drugs, The Pure Food and Drug Act, was only twelve years old at the time, and was not strong enough to curtail the sale of proprietary or patent medicines.  The more far reaching Food and Drug Administration was not formed until 1927.  Cure-alls were advertised throughout the country.  Pharmacies sold all manner of treatments, both of the ‘snake-oil’ variety and common medications, like aspirin and vapor rubs.  Many of the patent ‘medicines’ were nothing but alcohol and flavoring.  They may have offered some relief, but ultimately, they were ineffective.

Fortunately, the end of October 1918, also marked the end of the worst of the epidemic in the U.S.  Most historians believe that the flu had run its course, and the most vulnerable to the sickness had either built up immunity or died. The numbers of fatal cases in November 1918 plummet and when crowds gathered to celebrate Armistice Day on November 11th, they were also celebrating the end of the worst of the flu epidemic of 1918.

A typical Influenza ward

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The gauze masks required by many laws were ineffective against the flu virus

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An Influenza information pamphlet in English, Polish, Hebrew, and French

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An advertisement for Ka-Tar-No tonic, a typical proprietary medicine

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Images from: ATrain Education article on the Pandemic Influenza

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A large Armistice Day gathering, November 11th, 1918

Image from The First Armistice Day: The 11th Hour of the 11th Day of the 11th Month, in 1918 by Chris Wild

End of Open Access Week 2018

Open Access Week 2018, an annual international event promoting the use and scholarship of open access resources, is coming to an end.

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Why is Open Access important?

The Right to Research Coalition says it best, “Open Access seeks to return scholarly publishing to its original purpose: to spread knowledge and allow that knowledge to be built upon.  Price barriers should not prevent students (or anyone) from getting access to research they need.  Open Access, and the open availability and searchability of scholarly research that it entails, will have a significant positive impact on everything from education to the practice of medicine to the ability of entrepreneurs to innovate.”


Currently, the Library is having a difficult time affording the many databases, journals, and other resources needed by our users. However, Open Access allows researchers, faculty, staff, and students to use content freely available on the web without a library subscription. The production of more Open Access content worldwide means libraries do not need to depend on costly subscriptions for our users to access quality research.


What is the Anschutz’s Health Sciences Library doing to support Open Access?

The Library helps promote the use and publication of open access content. One example of the Library supporting Open Access is our investment in Mountain Scholar: Digital Collection of Colorado & Wyoming, our open institutional repository. The primary objective of Mountain Scholar is for Anschutz researchers, faculty, staff, and students to make their research and publications openly available. Take a look at our Mountain Scholar Guide for more information.


Still want to learn more about the importance of Open Access?

Freely stream Paywall: The Business of Scholarship, an hour long documentary about open scholarship.

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Film Showing: Paywall

HSL has an upcoming film showing. Please come enjoy the film Paywall: The Business of Scholarship at the library during Open Access Week to learn more about the need for open scholarly research. The film will be shown on Wednesday, October 24, 2018 at 5pm in Teaching Labs 1 & 2 at HSL. Check out the flyer below for more information.


Traditional Chinese Medicine Exhibit


An exhibit of a  box of items used in traditional Chinese medicine is now available for view in the Health Sciences Library’s Special Collections room, on the third floor.  All the individual boxes are from a single pharmacy.  The boxes contain dried items, used for a variety of ailments.  Inside the cover of the boxes is the Chinese name, spelled out in the Latin alphabet, with a description of what the item is and what it is for.  The majority of the remedies in this box are for minor injuries and discomfort.

The exhibit was curated by Paul Andrews, who works with the medical artifacts at HSL. He also wrote this information post about the exhibit.

New eResources in October!

HSL has some new ebooks, and a new database.  Check out the list here:


Ebooks List:

ICD-10-CM: Clinical Modification (2019 edition)

ICD-10-PCS: Procedure Coding System (2019 edition)

Essentials of Mechanical Ventilation by Dean Hess (4th edition)

Essentials of mechanical ventilation (4th ed)

Katzung & Trevor’s Pharmacology: Examination & Board Review (12th edition)

Concepts in Clinical Pharmacokinetics (7th edition)

Guyton and Hall Textbook of Medical Physiology (13 edition)

Guyton and Hall Textbook of Medical Physiology



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Ulrich Anatomical Charts on 3rd Floor

HSL recently received an unusual donation, a set of anatomical charts.  After some discussion, Paul Andrews and Debra Miller have worked to display these charts on the 3rd floor, in the hallway near the study rooms, as you walk towards the gallery.


This collection of nine American Frohse Anatomical Charts were donated to the Health Sciences Library by Dr. George Ulrich.  Before the charts were mounted, the donation was kept in the original wooden chart holder.





Dr. George Ulrich graduated from the University of Colorado with a BA in Biology in 1978.  He received his MD from the University Of Colorado School Of Medicine in 1985.  He spent much of his career as a Submarine and Diving medical specialist in the US Navy and worked in ophthalmology and glaucoma.







The charts were originally created by Franz Frohse at the University of Berlin in 1910.  Due to the First World War, the charts could no longer be obtained from Germany.  Max Brodel, a German anatomist trained in Leipzig, was at Johns Hopkins University at the time, and was able to edit the Frohse charts for U.S. distribution.  They were published by the A.J. Nystrom Company, based in Chicago.  The copyright date on this collection is 1918.  The charts were in constant production until 1948.



The charts have been removed from the holder, and hung individually on the third floor.



Article by Paul Andrews, Collection Development Technician.