Preservation Week – April 26-May 2, 2020

This year’s Preservation Week is April 26 to May 2. The first national preservation survey, conducted in 2004 by Heritage Preservation, revealed that a large portion of the collections in American libraries, museums, and archives was in need of treatment to prevent and reverse deterioration. In 2010, the American Library Association, in partnership with the Library of Congress, Institute of Library and Museum Services, American Institute for Conservation, Society of American Archivists, and Heritage Preservation, sponsored the first annual Preservation Week to raise awareness of the need and promote preservation not just in institutional collections, but also in the collections of individuals, families, and communities. Institutions are encouraged to celebrate Preservation Week by doing at least one thing to raise awareness of the need for preservation, inspire action to preserve collections, call attention to the role of libraries, archives and museums in the preservation of our cultural heritage, and promote preservation resources.

The theme for the 10th annual Preservation Week is Preserving Oral History. It has a dual meaning, both the action of preserving recollections and experiences that would otherwise be lost, and the physical preservation of the media on which they are recorded. Free Preservation Week activities and events, including webinars, are available at the American Library Association’s Association for Library Collections and Technical Services’ website. Programs from previous years are also available at the site, as well as a variety of resources. One of these, Saving Your Stuff, is a comprehensive list for the general public of the care and handling of most media that could make up a personal, family, or community collection.

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[Emily Epstein, Cataloging Librarian]

 

Rare Book Profile: R.V. Pierce’s The People’s Common Sense Medical Adviser in Plain English, or, Medicine Simplified.

PierceTPcropR.V. Pierce’s The People’s Common Sense Medical Adviser (Buffalo, N.Y.: World’s Dispensary-Printing Office and Bindery, 1875), is a household medicine and health guide, as well as an advertisement for its author and publisher’s products and services. First published in 1875, it remained in print through the 100th edition of 1935, sold millions of copies, and helped make its author one of the most successful manufacturer of home remedies in the late 19th century.

Ray Vaughn Pierce (1840-1914) was an American physician, pharmaceutical entrepreneur, author, publisher, and politician. Pierce was born and raised in Stark, New York. He was a school teacher briefly, then left to attend the Eclectic Medical College in Cincinnati, Ohio. After receiving his medical degree in 1862, he established a medical practice in Titusville, Pennsylvania. In 1867, he moved to Buffalo, New York, where he began manufacturing patent medicines and selling them by mail-order. To house his thriving manufacturing and mail-order operations, Pierce built the World’s Dispensary Building. In 1878, Pierce built Pierce’s Palace Hotel nearby to accommodate his many mail-order customers who came to Buffalo seeking his services as a physician. Pierce’s Palace Hotel burned down in 1881 and Pierce replaced it with the Invalids Hotel and Surgical Institute. His enterprise continued to expand, and at one point had an office in London, England. In 1883 Pierce consolidated all of his business ventures as TheWorld’s Dispensary Medical Association, which was later renamed Pierce’s Proprietaries. Pierce’s son, Dr. Valentine Mott Pierce, succeeded his father as head of the business through the 1940s.

In 1877, Pierce launched his political career, serving in the New York State Senate from 1877-1879, and in the U.S. House of Representatives for the 32nd Congressional District of New York as a Republican from March 4, 1879 until his resignation on September 18, 1880, due to ill health. He never held an elected office again, although he was an active opponent of the Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906. In the last year of his life, Pierce retired to his winter home in St. Vincent, Florida, where he died on February 4, 1914.

Pierce was a master of marketing, using print media and signs to spread advertisements and testimonials for his products and services throughout the country. Not all publications were complimentary, and some, such as Colliers and Ladies Home Journal were extremely critical of his products. Pierce won his lawsuit against Ladies Home Journal, but his suit against Colliers was dismissed due to varying definitions of the word “quack.”

The People’s Common Sense Medical Adviser is arranged in four main parts. The first, Physiology, is laid out like a textbook, containing a general overview of basic biology, human and animal, and the various systems of the body, including current theories of race, intelligence, and the relationship between physiognomy and character, with chapters on marriage and reproduction. The second part, Hygiene, covers various aspects of daily life, with recommendations for clean living and criticism of practices and theories with which Pierce disagreed. It also includes a section on diet, with recipes. The third section, Rational Medicine, consists of brief summaries of the various systems of medicine in vogue at the time, such as homoeopathy and hydropathy, a list of individual herbal and compounded preparations available for sale from The World’s Dispensary, and a list of the therapeutic value of various types of bath. The final and largest section, Diseases and Their Remedial Treatment, comprises over half the book, consisting mainly of list of disorders, with a description of the disorder, various possible treatments, cases, and glowing testimonials for the products and services of The World’s Dispensary. It ends with a section describing The World’s Dispensary and its services, how to arrange a visit, and how to submit a specimen for diagnosis by mail.

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The Strauss Health Sciences Library’s copy of the first edition of The people’s common sense medical adviser is bound in green publisher’s cloth with blind-stamped boards and gilt-stamped spine. The plates have unprinted tissue guards sheets. It was given to the Health Sciences Library by G. Murray Edwards, M.D. The library also has the second edition (1876), the twentieth edition (1889), and the fortieth edition (1895).

Rare materials are available to individuals or groups by appointment on Wednesday mornings and Thursday afternoons, or at other times by arrangement. To schedule an appointment, contact Emily Epstein, emily.epstein@cuanschutz.edu or 303-724-2119.

[Emily Epstein, Cataloging Librarian]

 

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This was written by Emily, you can contact AskUs with questions.

Rare Book Profile: Girolamo Mercuriale’s De Arte Gymnastica Libri Sex (2nd edition).

MercurialeGymnasticaTPGirolamo Mercuriale’s De Arte Gymnastica Libri Sex (Venetiis : Apud Juntas 1573), first published in 1569, was one of the earliest works on the therapeutic value of gymnastics and exercise, and a major history of the practices of the Greeks and Romans in exercise, diet, hygiene, and bathing, based on study of classical literature. The second edition of 1573 was the first illustrated book on gymnastics, adding drawings by Pirro Ligorio (1513-1583), Ducal Antiquarian to Duke Alfonso II d’Este of Ferrara and former Architect at the Vatican. The drawings are generally believed to have been rendered in wood blocks by German engraver Cristoforo Coriolano (born 1540)

Girolamo Mercuriale (1530-1606) was an Italian physician and philologist, the son of a physician from the city of Forlì. After studying medicine in Bologna, Padua, and Venice, he went to Rome as part of a diplomatic mission to Pope Pius IV in 1562. He spent several years in Rome in the household of Cardinal Alessandro Farnese, a prominent collector of antiquities and patron of the arts. Mercuriale’s connection with the Cardinal provided him with access to extensive libraries and antiquarian scholars in Rome, including antiquarian and architect Pirro Ligorio, who was also in Rome in service at various times to Pope Pius IV, Pope Pius V, and Cardinal Ippolito d’Este.

Mercuriale’s reputation as an historian and antiquarian enhanced his medical career. The publication of De arte gymnastica in 1569 helped him obtain appointment to a chair of medicine at Padua in 1570. He later moved to distinguished and well-paid professorships at the universities of Bologna and Pisa. Members of the highest ranks of society were his patrons and patients, including the Emperor Maximilian II and Grand Duke Ferdinand of Tuscany, and he maintained correspondence with leading intellectuals of the day, including Aldrovandi and Galileo.

De arte gymnastica is divided into six books to sketch the history, settings, and equipment, and the varieties of exercise practiced in antiquity, and to examine the effect of such exercises on health. It begins with the origins of gymnastica and its relation to the origins of medicine, followed by description of Roman athletics, with some reference to Greek as well, with some references to modern cultural conditions which had caused health to deteriorate since the days of Hippocrates. Expanding on the work of Galen, Mercuriale deemed exercise a medical necessity for preventing disease, maintaining health, and building up sickly individuals. He pointed out that there was abundant contemporary literature on the other parts of preservative medicine, but not exercise.

While Mercuriale viewed exercise as basically positive, his detailed advice included limitations and warnings. He followed Galen’s assumption that changed in humoral balance, and therefore only those of cold and dry temperament should exercise vigorously, and others should limit themselves to gentler forms of movement. Convalescents and the elderly should avoid vigorous exercise altogether. The lifestyle of athletes was basically unhealthy: too much meat, too much sleep, too much sun exposure, too much physical activity, and unbalanced emotions. The right time to stop was as soon as breathing changed or the face reddened. He also lists the dangers of many specific forms of exercise, including hunting and playing pell mell (an ancestor of croquet), and pointed out that some forms of exercise, such as gymnastics and wrestling were no longer socially respectable.

Most of the illustrations of Roman athletes in action were drawn for the second edition in 1573 by artist, architect, and antiquary Pirro Ligorio, whom Mercuriale had met in Rome. Both left Rome In 1569-70, Ligorio to Ferrara and Mercuriale to Padua, but they continued to correspond and cooperate. The illustrations are carefully placed in relation to the text, and the text refers to them. Ligorio was renowned for investigating, describing, and drawing Roman antiquities, but he was also criticized by his contemporaries and by later scholars for representing his subjects with more imagination than historical accuracy. In the text, Mercuriale identified illustrations by Ligorio, often complimenting his antiquarian expertise. In addition to the illustrations by Ligorio, Mercuriale commissioned some drawings of actual sculptures for his new illustrated edition.

 The Health Sciences Library’s copy of the second edition of De Arte Gymnastica is bound in white vellum over pasteboard with raised bands and a gilt-tooled red morocco spine label. It was given to the Health Sciences Library by the Denver Medical Society in 1982. It was at one time owned by Docteur Flandrin, whose bookplate, dated 1902, is inside the front cover.

Rare materials are available to individuals or groups by appointment on Wednesday mornings and Thursday afternoons, or at other times by arrangement. To schedule an appointment, contact Emily Epstein, emily.epstein@ucdenver.edu or 303-724-2119.

[Emily Epstein, Cataloging Librarian]

New Military Medicine Exhibit on the 1st Floor

The Rare Materials Collection of the Strauss Health Sciences Library includes many titles illustrating the history of military medicine, including histories, memoirs, and biographies, manuals and handbooks, regulations, and more. A small selection of works which influenced the development of military medicine in the United States and illustrate its history is featured in the exhibit case at the north end of the 1st floor, near the elevator and Teaching Lab 3.

 

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The work of Henry Ingersoll Bowditch, including the publication of this pamphlet following the death of his son at the Battle of Kelly’s Ford, Virginia, facilitated the creation of ambulance service for the entire Union Army.

[Emily Epstein, Cataloging Librarian]

Rare Book Profile: James Parton’s Eminent Women of the Age; being narratives of the lives and deeds of the most prominent women of the present generation

 

CoverEminent Women of the Age: Being Narratives of the Lives and Deeds of the Most Prominent Women of the Present Generation (Hartford, Conn.: S.M. Betts & Co., 1868) was compiled by popular biographer James Parton. In the preface, he explained that while many works dealt with the lives and deeds of men, “in respect to eminent women of our age, there is not in existence, so far as the publishers are aware, any work, or series of works, which supplies the information contained in this volume.” The biographical sketches in the volume were written by Parton and his wife Sara (a popular novelist who used the pen-name Fanny Fern), and sixteen others, including Horace Greeley and Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Grace Greenwod. Stanton Fern, and Greenwood were also among the biographees.

James Parton (1822-1891) was a popular American biographer best known for books on the lives of prominent men, including Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin, Horace Greeley, General Benjamin Butler, and Voltaire, biographical collections, such as Captains of Industry (1884) and Revolutionary Heroes (1890), and nonfiction works on a variety of topics ranging from taxation of churches to humorous poetry. He was born in Canterbury, England, but came to the United States with his family at the age of 5. After completing his education in New York City and White Plains, New York, he taught school, first in Philadelphia and later in New York City. In 1875, three years after his wife’s death, he moved to Newburyport, Massachusetts, where he lived until he died in 1891.

Most of the biographees are American, with some notable exceptions, such as Florence Nightingale, Queen Victoria, and Empress Eugenie, and a number of artists and actresses. A section devoted to women as physicians was written by Henry Bond Elliot, a Congregational minister. It begins with an historical overview of medical education for women, especially in the United States, followed by biographical sketches of five American physicians: Clemence S. Lozier (Syracuse Eclectic College, 1853), Elizabeth Blackwell (Geneva Medical College, 1849), Harriot Kezia Hunt (studied privately with Dr. Richard Dixon Mott and his wife), Hannah E. Myers Longshore (Female Medical College of Pennsylvania, 1850), and Ann Preston (Female Medical College of Pennsylvania, 1866). The only subject whose portrait is included is Dr. Lozier.

The Health Sciences Library’s copy of Eminent Women of the Age was recased in its original publisher’s green cloth with gilt-stamped spine and upper board by Frank B. Roger, M.D. It is illustrated with steel-engraved portraits.

Rare materials are available to individuals or groups by appointment on Wednesday mornings and Thursday afternoons, or at other times by arrangement. To schedule an appointment, contact Emily Epstein, emily.epstein@ucdenver.edu or 303-724-2119.

[Emily Epstein, Cataloging Librarian]

Color Our Collections 2018

The 2018 Color Our Collections project, hosted by the New York Academy of Medicine, will run February 5-9.  The week-long international coloring fest on social media features images contributed by libraries, archives, museums, and other institutions from all over the world. All images are in the public domain and will be freely available with the hashtag #ColorOurCollections. You are invited to browse, download, and color as many images as you like, and if you are so inclined, please share your creation on social media with the hashtag.

The Health Sciences Library offers eleven images from works in the Rare Materials Collection, ranging from 16th-century woodcuts to 19th-century wood engravings and lithographs, on an equally wide-ranging variety of topics. Many printed illustrations were intended to be hand-colored, especially those published before 1800, and while altering pages of the library’s rare treasures is usually discouraged, you are now encouraged to do exactly that.

While the #ColorOurCollections event only lasts one week, the images will be available all year at the event website: http://library.nyam.org/colorourcollections/

Rare materials are available to individuals or groups by appointment on Wednesday mornings and Thursday afternoons, or at other times by arrangement. To schedule an appointment, contact Emily Epstein, emily.Epstein@ucdenver.edu or 303-724-2119.

[Emily Epstein, Cataloging Librarian]Fourth_Booke_of_Dyftillations_BW (3)

 

Update:

The Color Our Collections documents have been added to the digital repository, so users can access them if they would like to print and color them:

https://dspace.library.colostate.edu/handle/10968/2231

Rare Book Profile: Samuel Gross’s A Manual of Military Surgery; or, Hints on the Emergencies of Field, Camp and Hospital practice (2nd edition).

S. D. Gross’s A Manual of Military Surgery (Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott & Co., 1861) was written for use as a handbook in the field by Union surgeons in the American Civil War. Its author served as a surgical consultant to the United States Surgeon General.

Samuel David Gross (1805-1884) was one of the most highly esteemed American surgeons and medical educators of his time. Born into a rural Pennsylvania Dutch family, he apprenticed with two local physicians as a teenager, then left home for formal education in schools in Pennsylvania, New York, and New Jersey. He earned a medical degree from Jefferson Medical College in Philadelphia in 1828. He opened a general practice in Philadelphia, where he also translated a number of French and German medical works into English. After a few year, he married and moved his practice to Easton, Pennsylvania near his family home. He added a small laboratory to his house, where he conducted human and animal dissection, as well as research on a variety of subjects.

In 1833, one of his former teachers helped him obtain a position demonstrating pathology at the Medical College of Ohio in Cincinnati. He was promoted to Professor of Pathological Anatomy two years later. Shortly after that, he moved to the position of Chief of Pathologic Anatomy in the Medical Department of the Cincinnati College. The college folded in 1839, and Gross joined the faculty of the Louisville Medical Institute as Professor of Surgery, where he remained for 16 years, establishing a dog laboratory, practicing medicine, and lecturing. He co-founded the Louisville Medical Review and the North American Chirurgical Review, and contributed to the Institute’s reputation as a major medical center.

In 1856, Gross accepted an appointment as Professor of Surgery at Jefferson Medical College, where he remained for the rest of his career. He was the first alumnus to join the faculty. He was active in several medical associations and served as the twentieth president of the American Medical Association. Over the years, Gross published many books and articles on anatomy, pathology, surgery, and diseases. He also wrote a number of medical biographies and histories. Gross is perhaps most famous as the subject of Thomas Eakins’ iconic 1875 painting The Gross Medical Clinic, instructing students while performing surgery in the Jefferson Medical College amphitheater. Gross died in 1884 at the age of 78.

A Manual of Military Surgery was published in 1861 as a handbook for Union field surgeons. In 1862, an unauthorized reprint was issued by J.W. Randolph in Richmond, Virginia, who justified the piracy by pointing out that no other such works were available. “The book trade between the two sections of the continent having been interrupted, it has rendered it impossible for Dr. Gs publishers to furnish the work to the Southern Public.” The Confederacy didn’t publish an original surgical manual until 1863.

The Health Sciences Library’s well-worn copy of A Manual of Military Surgery is the second edition, published in Philadelphia in 1862. It is bound in the original publisher’s brown cloth with gilt-stamped spine.

Rare materials are available to individuals or groups by appointment on Wednesday mornings and Thursday afternoons, or at other times by arrangement. To schedule an appointment, contact Emily Epstein, emily.epstein@ucdenver.edu or 303-724-2119.

[Emily Epstein, Cataloging Librarian]

New Exhibit – Dr. Henry Claman (1930-2016)

Dr. Henry Claman was a man of many interests and accomplishments. He was a member of the faculty of the University of Colorado School of Medicine for over 50 years, 25 of them as Head of the Division of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, and he was the driving force behind the establishment of the Arts and Humanities in Healthcare Program on the Anschutz Medical Campus. In support of the program, Dr. Claman and his wife, Dr. Janet Stewart Claman, established The Henry and Janet Claman Medical Humanities Collection at the University of Colorado Health Sciences Library. An exhibit honoring a few of his accomplishments and contributions to his field, to the University, and to the Health Sciences Library is featured in the exhibit case on the 3rd floor, between the elevator and the Special Collections Room.

[Emily Epstein, Cataloging Librarian]

De Humani Corporis Fabrica on Display in Boulder, August 8-31

The Health Sciences Library’s copy of the second edition of Vesalius’ great anatomy book, De Humani Corporis Fabrica, will be on display at the University of Colorado Art Museum in Boulder from the 8th through the 31st of August. De Humani Corporis Fabrica, plus other items borrowed from collections at CU—including rare books from Norlin’s Special Collections and Archives and costumes from the Colorado Shakespeare Festival—is part of the museum’s exhibition celebrating the arrival of  First Folio! The Book that Gave Us Shakespeare, on loan from the Folger Shakespeare Library in Washington, DC.

Andreas Vesalius’  De Humani Corporis Fabrica, first published in 1543, marked the transition of the study of anatomy from medieval to modern. While not the first anatomical work based on direct observation, its scope and the quality of its illustrations and typography made it hugely influential. The best-known images in the Fabrica are the “muscle men” from book 2, a series of progressively dissected figures dramatically posed in a landscape. The second edition was published in 1555, nine years before Shakespeare’s birth. The Health Sciences Library’s copy is bound in a beautiful sixteenth-century alum-tawed pigskin binding with brass clasps.

The First Folio, the first collected edition of Shakespeare’s plays, was published in 1623, seven years after the playwright’s death. The Folger Shakespeare Library is sending selected copies of the First Folio on a national tour of American museums, libraries, and universities to commemorate the 400th anniversary of Shakespeare’s death. Visitors to First Folio! will come face to face with the original 1623 book, displayed open to Hamlet’s speech in which he debates whether “to be or not to be.” The tour is organized and sponsored by the Folger Shakespeare Library, the Cincinnati Museum Center and the American Library Association. By the end of 2016, First Folios will have been exhibited in all 50 states, Washington, DC, and Puerto Rico.

The CU Art Museum, is located in the Visual Art Center at CU Boulder (1085 18th Street, Boulder CO 80309) and is open Monday through Saturday  11:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m., Tuesdays and Thursdays until 7:00 p.m. There is no admission fee, but visitors to the First Folio exhibit are asked to sign up for timed tickets at http://www.colorado.edu/cuartmuseum/exhibitions/view-upcoming/first-folio-book-gave-us-shakespeare

Learn more about the months of programming celebrating the arrival of the First Folio at the website: http://www.colorado.edu/shakespeareatcu/

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While the Health Sciences Library’s copy of the second edition of Vesalius’ De Humani Corporis Fabrica is on display in Boulder, the first edition remains available for use in Aurora. Rare materials are available to individuals or groups by appointment on Wednesday mornings and Thursday afternoons, or at other times by arrangement. To schedule an appointment, contact Emily Epstein, emily.epstein@ucdenver.edu or call 303-724-2119.

[Emily Epstein, Cataloging Librarian]

Rare Book Profile: John Evelyn’s Fumifugium, or, The Inconveniencie of the Aer and Smoak of London Dissipated.

John Evelyn’s Fumifugium, or, The Inconveniencie of the Aer and Smoak of London Dissipated. (London: W. Godbid for Gabriel Bedel and Thomas Collins, 1661) is one of the first works ever written on the problem of air pollution.

John Evelyn (1620-1706) was an English country gentleman who wrote over 30 books on a wide variety of topics. He is best known for his diary, which was published a century after his death. He also wrote Sculptura, on engraving and etching, which introduced the process of mezzotint to England.  One of his major works, Sylva, or a Discourse of Forest-trees, and the Propagation of Timber, a work on forestry, timber, fruit trees, and cider making, was written for the Royal Society.

Educated in the Middle Temple, London and at Balliol College, Oxford, Evelyn left England in 1643 to avoid involvement in the English Civil War, and traveled in France and Italy. He returned to England in 1652, and published two Royalist pamphlets in 1659. After the Restoration of the monarchy in 1660, he served on several commissions, including London street improvement, the Royal Mint, repair of old St. Paul’s, and a commission for sick and wounded mariners and prisoners of war in England’s Dutch Wars (1665-74).  He was a founding member of the Royal Society, and was appointed to its council by its first and second charters in 1662 and 1663.

Fumifugium is a slender pamphlet, dedicated to King Charles II. The first section discusses the nature of air and its effect on health and longevity. Evelyn then describes the smoke in London, especially industrial smoke from burning coal, and how it damaged people’s health, buildings, and even water. In the second section, he proposes solutions, including making fuel wood more available, and requiring the worst-polluting industries to relocate several miles outside the city. In the third section, he proposes improving the air by establishing gardens all over the city, with sweet-smelling blooming trees and shrubs as well as flower beds and even some food crops (but not cabbage, “whose rotten and perishing stalks have a very noisome and unhealthy smell”)

The Health Sciences Library’s copy of Fumifugium is the first edition. It was given to the library by Dr. James J. Waring, with his bookplate inside the front cover. It was once bound with other works in a larger volume, as evidenced by handwritten page numbers above the printed ones. It was rebound in brown calfskin with simple gilt tooling on the inner turndowns. A previous owner made corrections to the text by hand. A description typed from a bookseller’s catalog is affixed inside the back cover, as is an envelope containing a description of the book cut from a supplement to the journal Nature.

Rare materials are available to individuals or groups by appointment on Wednesday mornings and Thursday afternoons, or at other times by arrangement. To schedule an appointment, contact Emily Epstein, emily.epstein@ucdenver.edu or 303-724-2119.

[Emily Epstein, Cataloging Librarian]

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Rare Book Profile: Arthur Hill Hassall’s Adulterations Detected, or, Plain Instructions for the Discovery of Frauds in Food and Medicine.

Arthur Hill Hassall’s Adulterations Detected, or, Plain Instructions for the Discovery of Frauds in Food and Medicine (London: Longman, Brown, Green, Longmans, and Roberts, 1857) brought the problem of food and drug adulteration in London to public attention and led to major public health reforms.

Arthur Hill Hassall (1817-1894) was an English physician, microscopist, chemist, and pioneer in public health and food safety. He made major contributions in botany and histology, conducted some of the earliest research in what would become the field of phytopathology and wrote the first English text on histology. His research and activism improved the safety of the English food and water supply, and he was a pioneer in the sanatorium treatment of tuberculosis in Europe.

The youngest son of a physician in Middlesex, Hassall left home in 1834 to study at the Dublin Medical School and apprentice with his uncle, Sir James Murray, and became interested in microscopy and botany. In 1845, he moved to London, where he established a medical practice and continued his botanical studies. His research resulted in books on freshwater algae (1845) and the quality of London’s water supply (1850).

Hassall then turned to the problem of food quality. In 1850, he tested several samples of coffee, demonstrating that, contrary to popular belief, it was possible to detect adulteration microscopically and chemically. Publication of these results in The Lancet led to his becoming the chief analyst of the Analytical Sanitary Commission. From 1851 through 1854, Hassall analyzed over 2500 samples of food and drink from various London vendors. Chemical tests identified alum in bread, iron, lead, and mercury compounds in cayenne pepper, and copper salts in bottled foods. Vendors of both adulterated and pure products were named in the resulting reports, which were published in The Lancet. In 1855, Hassall published revised and expanded versions of his reports in a book, Food and Its Adulterations, followed two years later by a new work, Adulterations Detected. His work raised public awareness of how common adulteration was, which led to the Food Adulteration Act of 1860. In 1874 Hassall became the founding president of the Society of Public Analysts, and gained fame giving expert testimony in support of further reforms and legislation.

In addition to his investigative work, Hassall maintained a private medical practice in London. He was also elected to the staff of the Royal Free Hospital in 1853, where he served for fifteen years. In 1866, flare-up of pulmonary tuberculosis, which he had contracted as a student in Dublin, interrupted his career for several months while he sought treatment in different places, finally ending up in Ventnor, on the Isle of Wight. A Ventnor, he devised an innovative design for sanatorium living quarters, and the following year organized fundraising and construction of the facility. The Royal National Hospital for Consumption and Diseases of the Chest opened in Ventnor in 1868. In 1877 Hassall retired from his position as Chief Physician of the hospital and moved his family to San Remo, Italy, where he continued to treat patients and write on climatic treatment of tuberculosis until his death.

The Health Sciences Library’s copy of Adulterations Detected is the first edition. It was rebound in gray linen ca. 1970 by the Head of Denison Library, Frank B. Rogers, with a gilt-tooled black leather label from the original binding on the spine, and a former owner’s armorial bookplate affixed inside the front cover.

Rare materials are available to individuals or groups by appointment on Wednesday mornings and Thursday afternoons, or at other times by arrangement. To schedule an appointment, contact Emily Epstein, emily.epstein@ucdenver.edu or 303-724-2119.

[Emily Epstein, Cataloging Librarian]

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For Your Enjoyment: Color Our Collections

Normally, altering pages of the library’s rare treasures is discouraged, but six images from books in the Health Sciences Library’s Rare Materials Collection are now available for coloring. Many printed illustrations, especially those published before 1800, were intended to be hand-colored, and we invite you to do that. The images have been uploaded to the library’s Facebook page.

These images were selected as part of the Color Our Collections event, February 1-5, 2016, led by the New York Academy of Medicine. Libraries, museums, and other cultural institutions from all over the world have made public domain images from their collections available on social media using the hashtag #ColorOurCollections.

You are invited to browse, download, and color any images you like, and if you are so inclined, please share your creation on social media with the hashtag..

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Rare materials are available to individuals or groups by appointment on Wednesday mornings and Thursday afternoons, or at other times by arrangement. To schedule an appointment, contact Emily Epstein, emily.Epstein@ucdenver.edu or 303-724-2119.

[Emily Epstein, Cataloging Librarian]

 

Rare Book Profile: Dell’anatomia, a facsimile of Leonardo da Vinci’s notebook.

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Dell’anatomia by Leonardo da Vinci (Rome: TREC edizioni pregiate, 2005) is a compilation of anatomical studies that predate the great anatomy books of the sixteenth century.

In January 2015, the Health Sciences Library Rare Materials Collection acquired a facsimile of the anatomical drawings and notes of Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519), composed between 1485 and 1515, which are now housed in the Royal Library, Windsor.

Leonardo’s early training in the studio of the painter Verrocchio in Florence included study of the human figure. When he became court artist to Ludovico Sforza, Duke of Milan in the 1480s, he began work on drawings of human anatomy, but in the 1490s he turned his attention to other projects. As his stature as an artist, and inventor grew, so did his access to human corpses. In the early 1500s, he resumed intensive study of anatomy based on human dissection. His drawings were remarkably accurate, even by modern standards. Some of his observations, such as those on the function of the heart, were not recorded again until the 20th century. Had his work been published, as he seems to have intended, it would have been revolutionary.

At Leonardo’s death in 1519, his manuscripts and drawings were bequeathed to his student and secretary, Francesco Melzi. After Melzi died in 1579, the documents were dispersed, eventually making their way into various collections, where Leonardo’s scientific works remained unpublished until centuries after his death.

This edition, published in 2005, is based on earlier editions of 1898 and 1901. 1,999 copies were produced. The facsimile, containing 113 color plates with line drawing overlays and 380 pages of text, was printed on a special paper made in Verona, and hand-bound in gold-tooled leather. It was purchased with funds from the Charley Smyth Library Endowment, established with the Library by the Anschutz Medical Campus Retired Faculty Association, in memory of their colleague and friend Dr. Charley Smyth, founder and Head of the Division of Rheumatology in the Department of Medicine, University of Colorado School of Medicine.

Rare materials are available to individuals or groups by appointment on Wednesday mornings and Thursday afternoons, or at other times by arrangement. To schedule an appointment, contact Emily Epstein, emily.epstein@ucdenver.edu or 303-724-2119.

[Emily Epstein, Cataloging Librarian]

 

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Rare Book Profile: Thomas Willis’ Cerebri Anatome cue Accessit Nervorum Descriptio et Usus.

Thomas Willis’s Cerebri Anatome cue Accessit Nervorum Descriptio et Usus (London: Thomas Roycroft, 1664) improved on existing descriptions of the brain, and was the first to attribute functions to different parts. It was considered the definitive description of the brain for the next two hundred years.

Thomas Willis (1621-1675) was an English physician best known for contributions to the fields of anatomy, neurology and psychiatry. He made major contributions to cardiology, endocrinology (especially the study of diabetes mellitus), and gastroenterology. He received a master’s degree from Christ Church, Oxford in 1642, fought for Charles I in the English Civil War, then returned to his studies, receiving the degree of bachelor of medicine in 1646.  He was part of a group of scholars devoted to experimentation in chemistry and fermentation, which included John Locke, Robert Hooke, Robert Boyle, Christopher Wren, Isaac Newton, and others. De Fermentatione, published in 1656, and De Febribus, published in 1659, grew from this collaborative work as well as his medical practice. As a Royalist, Willis was barred from holding office until the Restoration. In 1660, he replaced a Commonwealth supporter as professor of natural philosophy at Oxford, where he explored the anatomy of the brain as a means to determine the nature of the soul. Later that year he became a doctor of medicine. He was one of the early fellows of the Royal Society (1661), and was elected an honorary fellow of the College of Physicians in 1664. In 1666, he moved to London and established a profitable medical practice, whose clientele included the Duke of York (later King James II).

Cerebri Anatome was a collaborative effort with physician Sir Thomas Millington and anatomist Richard Lower, with illustrations by Christopher Wren, combining knowledge received from earlier anatomists with their own experimental and clinical observations. It contains 29 chapters on the anatomy and function of the brain and nervous system, the first of which was devoted to study methods and specimen preparation. The brain was removed from the skull before being sliced from the base upwards, then examined with magnification and drawn by Wren, whose drawings were then sent to a local engraver to be rendered on copper plates for the printer. Experimental techniques included microscopy as an aid to illustration and dye injection to study blood flow in cerebral arteries. Dissection and experimental results were supplemented by case histories. Cerebri Anatome introduced the word “neurology,” and contained the first detailed description of the importance and function of the Circle of Willis, a circle of arteries at the base of the brain. It also introduced names for various parts of the brain that are still used today.

Willis’ other major works include Pathologiae Cerebri et Nervosi Generis Specimen (1667) containing the first descriptions of neurological disorders, including epilepsy and asthma, and De Anima Brutorum Quae Hominis Vitalis ac Sensitiva Est (1672),  in which Willis further explores the soul-brain connection through analysis of different nervous systems.

 

The Health Sciences Library’s copy of Cerebri Anatome is the octavo edition of 1664, bound in vellum with hand-lettered spine and red-sprinkled edges. It was given to the library by Dr. James J. Waring.

 

Rare materials are available to individuals or groups by appointment on Wednesday mornings and Thursday afternoons, or at other times by arrangement. To schedule an appointment, contact Emily Epstein, emily.epstein@ucdenver.edu or 303-724-2119.

[Emily Epstein, Cataloging Librarian]

 

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Rare Book Profile: Andreas Vesalius’ De Humani Corporis Fabrica.

Andreas Vesalius’ De Humani Corporis Fabrica (1st edition: Basel : Johannes Oporinus, 1543; 2nd edition: Johannes Oporinus, 1555) marked the transition of the study of anatomy from medieval to modern.

Andreas Vesalius (1514-1564) was born into a family of physicians and pharmacists in Brussels. He studied medicine in Louvain (Leuven) and Paris, and completed his degree in Padua, where he studied dissection. After receiving his degree in 1537 at the age of 22, he became a professor of anatomy at the University of Padua, where he built a reputation for his skill in dissection and for challenging the authority of Galen, the foundation of medical knowledge at the time. He also lectured at the universities at Bologna and Pisa. In 1538, he published a set of six anatomical broadsides, under the title Tabulae anatomicae sex. In 1542 he went to Venice to supervise the preparation of over 200 wood block illustrations for his book on anatomy, De humani corporis fabrica libri septem. He moved to Basel with the blocks and his manuscript to oversee the publication of the Fabrica at the publishing firm of Johannes Oporinus in 1543.

Vesalius dedicated the Fabrica to Emperor Charles V, and an abridged edition, the Epitome, to the Emperor’s son, Philip II of Spain. Shortly after publication, he travelled to Mainz to present a copy of the Fabrica to the Emperor, and became the official physician to the court. When Charles V abdicated the Spanish throne in 1556, Vesalius was granted a lifetime pension and was made a count. In 1559, he moved to Madrid with his wife and daughter to become court physician to Philip II. In 1564, Vesalius’ family returned to Brussels while he went on pilgrimage to Jerusalem. He died on the return voyage later that year on the Greek island of Zakynthos.

While the Fabrica was not the first anatomical work based on direct observation, its scope and the quality of the illustrations and typography made it hugely influential. Even the decorated initials of the chapter headings depict medical themes. While there is still debate as to the identity of the artist or artists, it is generally accepted that the studio of Titian was involved. The most iconic images in the Fabrica are the “muscle men” from book 2, a series of progressively dissected figures dramatically posed in a landscape. The background landscapes form a panoramic view of the Eugenean Hills, a resort area near Padua. A revised edition was published in 1555, and Vesalius worked to prepare a third edition which was never published.

The Health Sciences Library’s Rare Materials Collections contains both the first and second editions of De Humani Corporis Fabrica. The first edition is bound in black, yellow, and blue marbled paper-covered boards, with author and title hand-lettered on a plain white vellum spine. It has been damaged over the years, and has had extensive repairs made to the first and last few pages. The second edition of 1555 is in much better condition, and was bound in blind-tooled alum-tawed pigskin over wooden boards with brass clasps shortly after publication. The first edition was given to the library by Dr. James J. Waring, a professor at the University of Colorado School of Medicine. The second was part of a purchase from the collection of anatomist and bibliophile Herbert McLean Evans in 1930 by a group including Dr. Waring, and presented to the Denver Medical Society. It came to the Health Sciences Library in 1982, when the Society dissolved its rare books collection.

Both editions will be on display on November 19, 2014 from noon to 2 p.m. in the 3rd-floor Reading Room of the Health Sciences Library as part of the celebration of the 500th anniversary of Vesalius’ birth. The library’s newly acquired 2014 translation of the Fabrica will also be on display. The featured speaker is Dr. Gabriel Finkelstein, Associate Professor in the Department of History at CU Denver, on Vesalius at 500. Dr. William Arend, Distinguished Professor Emeritus in the School of Medicine Division of Rheumatology, will recognize Dr. Charley Smyth, in whose honor the translation was purchased. A reception will follow with refreshments, including birthday cake.

Rare materials are available to individuals or groups by appointment on Wednesday mornings and Thursday afternoons, or at other times by arrangement. To schedule an appointment, contact Emily Epstein, emily.epstein@ucdenver.edu or 303-724-2119.

[Emily Epstein, Cataloging Librarian]

 

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